Socialization is a life-long process that we learn how to interact with others. Everything we consider to be normal is learned through socialization – we walk/talk/feed ourselves, and behavioural norms that help us fit in.
Important agents of socialization – what’s used to transmit culture and pass it around. Agents include organizations and institutions that help us learn about our social world.
Our family, how to care for yourself, beliefs/values/norms, how to talk to others. How wealthy parents raise kids vs. less fortunate parents raise children. One example is trip to doctors – wealthy parents encouraged to ask questions, while less fortunate unlikely to criticize doctor. Wealthy kids encouraged to challenge authority, while less wealthy kids taught to listen to authority.
School is important. Schools teach life skills – don’t learn from academic curriculum, but learn social skills – importance of obeying authority, act interested, etc. Part of the “hidden curriculum”, subtly taught by teachers.
Peers teach us how to develop our behaviours. Contradict our parents at times, and influence us. Influence what movies/music we watch and listen to.
Mass media – exposed to a lot of content intended for mature audiences. Enforces gender and other stereotypes.